Michio Kaku (born in the United States) is a Japanese American
theoretical physicist, tenured professor, and co-founder of string
field theory, a branch of super-string theory.
it is the belief by many that mainstream scientists reject any notions
of extraterrestrial civilizations or aliens, Kaku is very unique. Not
only does he believe in ETs, he also lays down a framework for their
existence in his numerous books.
probability is very high that not only do a few alien civilizations
exist, but many. Kaku in his book Hyperspace compares humans as fish in
a pond, only aware of the environment around them, not realizing there
is a huge world outside the pond. In an article at his website Kaku had
this to say in regards to Carl Sagan, another believer in alien
civilizations: The late Carl Sagan once asked this question, “What does
it mean for a civilization to be a million years old? We have had radio
telescopes and spaceships for a few decades; our technical civilization
is a few hundred years old… an advanced civilization millions of years
old is as much beyond us as we are beyond a bush baby or a macaque.”
answers the question that many debunkers have raised for years. For
years they have asked why aliens don’t just announce their presence, or
land in Times Square.
reason that they will not do this is because if you are dealing with
beings that are tens of thousands of years ahead of us, even millions,
they would not be interested in us. Are you interested in an ant while
you walk down the street?
you try to explain to a dog how to perform a complex equation? Most
likely you would not, because a dog would not be capable of
comprehending it. Now imagine an advanced civilization that are
thousands of years ahead of us. See my point?
lays down a framework of levels of civilizations. Type 1, Type 2, and
Type 3. Here are the descriptions of a civilization at these three
Physics of Type I, II, and III Civilizations
Specifically, we can rank civilizations by their energy consumption, using the following principles:
The laws of thermodynamics. Even an advanced civilization is bound by
the laws of thermodynamics, especially the Second Law, and can hence be
ranked by the energy at their disposal.
The laws of stable matter. Baryonic matter (e.g. based on protons and
neutrons) tends to clump into three large groupings: planets, stars and
galaxies. (This is a well-defined by product of stellar and galactic
evolution, thermonuclear fusion, etc.) Thus, their energy will also be
based on three distinct types, and this places upper limits on their
rate of energy consumption.
The laws of planetary evolution. Any advanced civilization must grow in
energy consumption faster than the frequency of life-threatening
catastrophes (e.g. meteor impacts, ice ages, supernovas, etc.). If they
grow any slower, they are doomed to extinction. This places
mathematical lower limits on the rate of growth of these civilizations.
Kaku defines a Type 1 civilization
as one that is truly a planetary society, who has mastered all forms of
terrestrial energy. Their energy output is much greater than ours. It
would take at least 3,200 years to reach Type 2.
A Type 2 civilization
is a civilization who have an energy output of a small star. They would
be so advanced that they could build a sphere around their planet to
maximize their energy output.
A Type 3 civilization
is so advanced that they have begun colonizing other star systems.
Their energy output is massive compared to ours. A civilization this
advanced would be able to bend space and time at will. They would
probably be capable of interdimensional travel and even time travel.
where are we here on planet Earth? Well, we are Type 0. We still get
our energy from dead plants. Pretty pathetic, if you ask me. I could
only imagine what an advanced alien civilizations thinks of us. With
our racism, wars, and class struggles we will be luck if we ever get to
a Type 1. At the current rate, in my opinion the human race is headed
attended Cubberly High School (now closed) in Palo Alto, California
where he was known as Mike Kaku and played first board on Cubberly's
chess team around 1963. During this time, he had been experimenting
heavily in his parents' garage. This attracted the attention of famous
physicist Edward Teller, who took Kaku as a protégé. Kaku received a
B.S. (summa cum laude) from Harvard University in 1968 where he came
first in his physics class. He went on to the Berkeley Radiation
Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley and received a
Ph.D. in 1972. In 1973, he held a lectureship at Princeton University.
Kaku was drafted and entered the U.S. Army as an infantryman. He
completed basic training at Fort Benning, Georgia, but the Vietnam War
ended before he was to be shipped out.
he holds the Henry Semat Chair and Professorship in theoretical physics
at City College of New York, where he has taught for more than 25
years. Presently, he is engaged in working on "Theory of Everything,"
seeking to unify the four fundamental forces of the universe: the
strong force, the weak force, gravity and electromagnetism.
Additionally, he has been a visiting professor at the Institute for
Advanced Study in Princeton, as well as at New York University.
Kaku is the author of several scholarly, Ph.D.-level textbooks and has
had more than 70 articles published in physics journals covering topics
such as superstring theory, supergravity, supersymmetry, and hadronic
physics (although he has not published an original research article in
seven years). Based on the number of citations his work has received in
the academic literature, Kaku has an h-index of 22.